A hate crime, or in legal terminology more precisely a hate crime, is a crime motivated by intolerance and social prejudice against a social group identified on the basis of race, religion or belief, gender, sexual orientation, national and ethnic origin or other distinction. The perpetrator selects the victim on the basis of (even perceived) membership of such an identifiable group. A hate crime can take the form of a verbal attack (hate speech) as well as a physical attack.

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