It is a series of statements (which we call “premises”) that are intended to justify some other statement (which is called a “conclusion”). We use an argument when we want to defend or confirm our point of view. An argument should not be confused with a mere statement. A statement, unlike an argument, merely offers objective information. The purpose of a statement is neither to persuade nor to defend.

An argument can be true or false; it is a neutral term that points to the structure of the information. It does not confirm its truth. Even an argument built on a false and illogical foundation is considered an argument as long as it meets the prescribed structure.